Computer is an advanced electronic device where we can perform certain tasks according to the given information to get desired result.
It all started in late 1940’s with the rise of First Generation, which used vacuum tubes as circuitry and magnetic drums for memory. The first Computer ENIAC (electronic numerical integrated and computer) was introduced which was vast in size and generated lot of heat. The vacuum tubes were replaced into Transistors which gave rise to Second generation. Then into Integrated Circuits which made the computer size smaller, cheaper and energy efficient. Magnetic hard disk came into existence for the memory allocation of Third generation. Soon after Microprocessors replaced Integrated Circuits in the fourth generation.
Intel introduced 4004 microprocessors. Laptops, smart phones, microwave oven and washing machine used Microprocessors. OS moved from MS-DOS to mouse based GUI like windows. Android for smart phones was also introduced. Technology kept improving and it was now the growth of
In 1950 a great mathematician Alan Turing out of curiosity came up with a question, “Can Machines Think?”. Then in 1956 a new field was born, the term Artificial Intelligence which was coined by John McCarthy when he held the first academic conference on the subject.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the branch of computer science called machine intelligence, it is the intelligence demonstrated by machines, which are programmed to think and work like humans and mimic their actions. For example:voice recognition, problem solving, facial recognition, planning etc.
Artificial Intelligence is increasing rapidly while Sci-Fri often portrays AI as robots with human like characteristics.
AI is currently used in various field such as: Virtual Assistant or Chat bots, Self driving cars, Defense, Sports, Healthcare, Hospitals, Security etc.
One very known programmed Artificial Intelligence is JARVIS. Everyone might be familiar to the name Jarvis. J.A.R.V.I.S(Just a rather very intelligent system) is a frictional Artificial Intelligence that first appeared in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) which was made by Tony Stark played by Robert Downey Jr.
The overall research goal of Artificial Intelligence is to create technology that allows computers and machines to function in an intelligent manner.
Importance Of Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence in business has grown rapidly. The profits of business can be statistically be displayed with help of Artificial Intelligence. AI can help business increase sales, detect fraud, improve customer experience, automate work process and provide predicitive analysis.
Artificial Intelligence in healthcare is the use of complex algorithms and software to emulate human cognition in the analysis of complicated medical data. It helps to detect the X-Ray, analyse the relationships between prevention and treatment techniques and patient outcomes. AI does this through computer algorithms.
Doctors in China are using Artificial Intelligence method to cure people from COVID-19 (Corona Virus). Many Hospitals has designed Robot for better treatment of patient which helps Doctor’s to do their operation efficiently.
Virtual assistant is an application program that understands natural language voice command and completes task. It is a technology based on AI.
It simulates human conversation through voice commands or text chats.
For example you might have come across Google Assistant, Siri, Alexa, Cortana, Silvia and many more are well known AI Virtual Assistant.
Artificial Intelligence in Sports has also played a important role. It helps the coach to see the statistics result of his players. AI helps to display statistics result of the given match through graph. In Football AI is used to measure the distance from where the goal is scored or speed of player by which he scores a goal. In Cricket AI is used to review the LBW decision and to detect the bat contact with ball.
Sophia: Humanoid Robot
Sophia is a first AI robot citizen created and programmed by Hanson Robotics, a Hong Kong based humanoid robotics company is the first robot in the world to be recognized with a citizenship of Saudi Arabia.
Facial Recognition and Image Recognition:
Facial recognition is the advanced technology of Artificial Intelligence.
Face recognition detects faces using Bio-metrics sensors to get facial features.
Face recognition systems uses computer algorithms to pick out specific details about the person’s face. The details of the person is converted into a mathematical representation which then stores the data .
Modern AI applied to image processing can help you implement, face recognition,detecting and recognizing objects and action of images.
Image recognition is the process of identifying and detecting an object in a digital image or video. It uses Machine Learning concept to image process.
Using computer algorithms it converts signals from image sensors into images. A general purpose programming language MATLAB software is used in these field of Digital Image processing.
AI also helps recruited and Human Resources departments save time and increases work efficiency. Some Sci-Fri movies like Robot, 2.0, I Robot, Artificial Intelligence movie shows the domination of Robots in field of Human Resources. Robots makes the work easier and does the work faster. AI automate and manual tasks of HR department, thus which makes HR to focus on their plan and make strategic without worrying about time. Some people also believe Robot will replace Human in coming period time which can not be possible, because Human brain is the most intelligent creature in the world.
In coming time Artificial Intelligence will become stronger, faster and more efficient. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning will be the demanding courses. Many people are in race to get job in field of Artificial Intelligence. As above I mentioned few fields in which Artificial Intelligence plays a vital role. There are yet many field where AI can be applied. AI and ML technologies are helping to transform next generation workplaces by guiding and organizing and automate work. In future AI is going to make our lives better and easier. AI can provide humans a great relief from doing various repetitive tasks.